Rural houses also called folk houses, have many architectural values and traditional cultural traditions are worth preserving, preserving and development. The most value that NONT architecture brings is the friendly environment, adapt to climate, make the difference in folk architecture of each locality.
The North Delta, the cradle of traditional culture of the Vietnamese, a longtime people, has the largest population of 54 ethnic groups (86.2% of the total population). ). At the same time, the Vietnamese people are also one of the most innovative ethnic housing organizations. Therefore, when studying the NONT architecture, we focus on limiting the study of Vietnamese NONT in the Red River Delta and in-depth study of two issues of architectural space, housing.
Traditional architecture of houses in the northern delta
The systematic study of the spatial variation process of NONT in the RRD is needed to find out the objective motive of NONT architectural space. From there, we can propose NONT solutions in the future in a right way, effectively, suitable for the development of agricultural economy, farmers and rural areas in the direction of modern, civilized and preserving the architectural identity and traditional cultural values.
Based on the shift of agricultural production structure in rural areas, changes in production methods, rural industrialization and modernization process, we can predict the development of NONT in accordance with conditions. Natural, environmentally friendly and suitable to the conditions of agricultural economic development as follows:
Family Home: This is a group of homes where cousins share the same traditional land. The center of the group consists of a traditional house, a drying yard, a well, surrounded by two-story block dwelling units with tile roofs and each family has a garden. The traditional one-storey house is both ancestor worship and a common place where traditional rooms combine the reading library of family members vietnamfolkmusic.com/vietnam-traditional-houses; General playgrounds are places where weddings, funerals, agricultural products are harvested on the seasons … as well as entertainment places for members of the family; The well is a common place where water can be pumped into the tank of each household. Thus, with this structure, we will retain the traditional form and space of NONT but still meet the conditions of living under the small family while maintaining the traditional style of the family great.
It can be said that NONT space is transformed according to the process of socio-economic development is true with the objective law. If we do not intervene, it changes the pace of society, but it can deviate, fail to meet living conditions, and develops economically, disrupting the natural environment. to traditional cultural and architectural identity. Therefore, it is necessary to have a policy of direction for NONT to develop in a sustainable way.
Folk houses from the formation to date have gone through many stages of development, from the stage of the tribal style house to the land, from space arranged in horizontal (2D) developed into vertical (3D) , from the four-dimensional landscape of the campus land to space development in one direction.